SELECTED REFERENCES AND SUPPORTING INFORMATION
FLUVIAL-SEDIMENT AND OTHER HYDROLOGIC TERMINOLOGY AND DEFINITIONS
- Water Resources Glossaries used in the U.S. Geological Survey Annual-Data Report Series
- Pre-course Quiz
DATA-COLLECTION, PROCESSING, AND ANALYSIS GUIDELINES/STANDARDS
- References for Assessing Grain Size
- Water Resources Data - Field Methods for Measurement of Fluvial Sediment: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Book 3, Chapter C2, 89 p.
- Diplas, P, Kuhnle, R., Gray, J.R., Glysson, G.D., and Edwards, T.K., 2008, "Sediment Transport Measurements": ASCE Manual 110, Chapter 5, pp. 307-353
- Gray, J.R. and SimõesF.J.M, 2008, Estimating Sediment Discharge: ASCE Manual 110, Appendix D, pp. 1067-1088
- Computation of Fluvial Sediment Discharge: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Book 3, Chapter C3, 66 p.
- Guy, H.P., 1970, Fluvial sediment concepts: U.S. Geological Survey, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Book 3, Chapter C1, 55 p.
- A Synopsis of Technical Issues for Monitoring Sediment in Highway and Urban Runoff: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-497, 51 p.
- Instruction Manual for U.S. Geological Survey Sediment Observers: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-431, 35 p.
- National Field Manual for the Collection of Water Quality Data: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Book 9.
- Introduction to Suspended-Sediment Sampling: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5077.
- A Guide to the Proper Selection and Use of Federally Approved Sediment and Water-Quality Samplers: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1087, 20 p.
- Load Estimator (LOADEST): A FORTRAN Program for Estimating Constituent Loads in Streams and Rivers: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods Book 4 Chapter A5, 69 p.
- Guidelines and Standard Procedures for Continuous Water-Quality Monitors: Station Operation, Record Computation, and Data Reporting: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 1-D3, 51 p. plus attachments.
- 7FISC GCLAS paper by McKallip et al
- User’s Manual for the Graphical Constituent Loading Analysis System (GLCAS): U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods Report 4-C1, 51 p.
- Isokinetic Sampler Field Test Worksheet
- FISP Sampler Efficiency Template
PROCESSES, MONITORING, NETWORKS, DATA, AND COLLABORATION
- Fluvial Sediments – a Summary of Source, Transportation, Deposition, and Measurement of Sediment Discharge: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1181-A, 1963, 47 pgs.
- An Invitation to Participate in a North American Sediment-Monitoring Network
- Vision for a Worldwide Fluvial-Sediment Information Network: Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Vol. 1, pp. 43-54.
- Attributes for a sediment monitoring instrument and analysis research program]
- Coordination of International Bedload Research
- Bedload Research International Cooperative: Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Vol. 3, pp. 120-126.
- A Proposed International Watershed Research Network
- Economic Considerations of a Continental Sediment-Monitoring Program
- Field Inspection Sheet for Total Sediment Load
- Field Form, California, for Suspended Sediment, Bed Material, and Bedload
- Wolman Pebble Count Field Form, 2010
- Larsen, M.C., Gellis, A. C., Glysson, G.D., Gray, J.R., and Horowitz, A.J., 2010, Fluvial sediment in the environment – a national challenge: Proceedings of the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 27-July 1, 2010, 15 p.
DATA QUALITY AND ACCURACY
- Comparability of suspended-sediment concentration and total suspended solids data, Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4191, 14 p.
- Adjustment of total suspended solids data for Use in Sediment Studies: 10 p.
- A comparison of load estimates using total suspended solids and suspended-sediment concentration data, in American Society of Civil Engineering's Proceeding of the World Water and Environmental Resources Congress, May 20-24, 2001.
- Total suspended solids—a critical evaluation: Proceedings of the Virginia Water Research Symposium 2003, Water Resource Management for the Commonwealth, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, October 8-10, 2003, pp. 25-30.
- Proceedings of the Federal interagency sedimentation workshop on turbidity and other sediment surrogates, April 30-May 2, 2002, Reno, Nevada: U.S. Geological Circular 1250, 56 p.
- Comparability and accuracy of fluvial-sediment data - a view from the U. S. Geological Survey; Proceedings of the ASCE Specialty Conference, Hydraulic Measurements & Experimental Methods Conference, Estes Park, Colorado, July 28-August 1, 2002.
- Worksheet to ascertain hydraulic efficiency of isokinetic sediment samplers
STOCHASTIC MODEL APPLICABLE TO SEDIMENT
- Schwarz, G.E., Alexander, R.B., Smith, R.A., and Gray, J.R., 2003, Recent progress in the development of a SPARROW model of sediment for the conterminous U.S., in Renard, Kenneth G., McElroy, Stephen A., Gburek, William J., Canfield, H. Evan and Scott, Russell L., eds, First Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, October 27-30, 2003, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, p. 257-262.
- Schwarz, G.E., 2008, A Preliminary SPARROW Model of Suspended Sediment for the Conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1205, 7 p.]
- Elliott, J.G. and Parker, R.S., Reconfigured channel monitoring assessment program, Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4111, 6 p.
- Osterkamp, W.R., and Gray, J.R., Hazard mitigation related to water and sediment Fluxes in the Yellow River basin, China, based on comparable basins of the United States: Proceedings, 1st International Yellow River Forum on River Basin Management, Yellow River Conservancy Commission, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China, May 2003, 10 p.
- Limitations and Implications of Stream Classification]
- Suspended-Sediment Transport Rates at the 1.5-year Recurrence Interval for Ecoregions of the United States: Transport Conditions at the Bankfull and Effective Discharge?]
- Rasmussen, P.P., Gray, J.R., Ziegler, A.C., and Glysson, G.D., 2009, A U.S. Geological Survey Protocol to Compute Suspended-Sediment Discharges from Continuous Turbidity and Water-Discharge Data: Abstract, approved for publication at the National Interdisciplinary Conference, “From Dust Bowl to Mud Bowl,” September 14-16, 2009, Kansas City, MO, but not submitted to the conference.
- Gray, J.R. and Glysson, G.D., 2003, Proceedings of the Federal Interagency Workshop on Turbidity and Other Sediment Surrogates, April 30-May 2, 2002, Reno, Nevada, USGS Circular 1250, 56 pgs.
- The North Santiam River, Oregon, Water-Quality Monitoring Network
- USGS National Field Manual for Water Quality, Chapter 6.7, Turbidity]
- Comparison of Estimated Sediment Loads Using Continuous Turbidity Measurements and Regression Analysis
- Monitoring Instream Turbidity to Estimate Continuous Suspended-Sediment Loads and Yields and Clay-Water Volumes in the Upper North Santiam River Basin, Oregon, 1998–2000
- Office of Water Quality Technical Memorandum 2004.03]
- Real-Time Water-Quality Monitoring in Kansas
- U.S. Geological Survey Implements New Turbidity Data-Reporting Procedures
- Guidelines and Standard Procedures for Continuous Water-Quality Monitors: Site Selection, Field Operation, Calibration, Record Computation, and Reporting
- Turbidity Parameter and Method Codes
- Santiam Sediment Field Form
- Santiam Water-Quality Field Form
- Rasmussen, P.P., Gray, J.R., Glysson, G.D., and Ziegler, A.C., 2010, Computing time-series suspended-sediment concentrations and loads from in-stream turbidity-sensor and streamflow data: Proceedings of the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 27-July 1, 2010, 14 p.
Other Surrogate Technologies:
- Gray, J. R., and J. W. Gartner, 2009, Technological advances in suspended-sediment surrogate monitoring: Invited Paper, Water Resources Research, Vo. 45, W00D29, doi:10.1029/2008WR007063, 20 p.
- Gray, J.R. 2005, ed., Proceedings of the Federal Interagency Sediment Monitoring and Instrument Analysis Research Workshop, September 9-11, 2003, Flagstaff, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1276, 49 p.
- Gray, J.R. and Glysson, G.D., 2003, Proceedings of the Federal Interagency Workshop on Turbidity and Other Sediment Surrogates, April 30-May 2, 2002, Reno, Nevada, USGS Circular 1250, 56 pgs.
- Traditional and new techniques for deriving sediment-discharge information in the United States, in, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Ying Tan, ed.: Yichang, China, October 18-21, 2004, Tsinghua University Press, Vol. 1, pp. 493-504.
- Gray, J.R., and Gartner, J.W, 2004, Surrogate technologies for continuous suspended-sediment monitoring in the United States, in, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Cheng Liu, ed.: Yichang, China, October 18-21, 2004, Tsinghua University Press, Vol. 4, pp. 2515-2522.
- High-Resolution of Suspended-Sediment Concentration in the Colorado River in Grand Canyon Using a Laser-Acoustic System.
- High-Resolution Monitoring of Suspended-Sediment Concentration and Grain Size in the Colorado River Using Laser-Diffraction Instruments and a Three-Frequency Acoustic System: Proceedings of the 8th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, April 2-6, 2006, Reno, Nevada, 8 p.
- High-Resolution Monitoring of Suspended-Sediment Concentration and Grain Size in the Colorado River Grand Canyon Using Multi-Frequency Acoustic System: Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Vol. 3, pp. 330-339.
- Gray, J.R., and Gartner, J.W., 2010, Overview of selected surrogate technologies for high-temporal resolution suspended-sediment monitoring: Proceedings of the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 27-July 1, 2010, 15 p.
FLUVIAL-SEDIMENT LABORATORY PROCEDURES
- A Field Technique for Weighing Bedload Samples, by William P. Carey, published in Water Resources Bulletin of the AWRA, Vol. 20, No. 2, April 1984
- Guy, H.P., 1969, Laboratory Theory and Methods for Sediment Analysis: U.S. Geological Survey, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, Book 5, Chapter C1, 58 p.
- Knott, J. M., Glysson, G. D., Malo, B. A., AND Schroeder, L. J., 1993, Quality assurance plan for the collection and processing of sediment data by the U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division: USGS Open-File Report 92-499.
- Knott, J. M., Sholar, Clyde J., Matthes, Wilbur J., 1992, Quality assurance guidelines for the analyses of sediment concentration by U.S. Geological Survey sediment laboratories: USGS Open-File Report 92-33.
- Matthes, Wilbur J.; Sholar, Clyde J.; George, John R., 1992, Quality-assurance plan for the analysis of fluvial sediment by laboratories of the U.S. Geological Survey, USGS Open-File Report 91-467.
SELECTED FLUVIAL-SEDIMENT DATA SOURCES
- Summary of U.S. Geological Survey On-Line Instantaneous Fluvial Sediment and Ancillary Data
- OSW Technical Memorandum No. 99.02, Description of USGS Historical Daily Value Sediment Data Base
- USGS Historical Sediment Data Base (Static data base through September 1996)
- National Water Information System Web
- Reservoir Sedimentation Database (RESSED):
- Gray, J.R., Bernard, J.M., Stewart, D.W., Schwarz, G.E., and Ray, K.T., 2009, RESSED – An Online Reservoir Sedimentation Survey Database for the United States: Abstract, National Interdisciplinary Conference, “From Dust Bowl to Mud Bowl,” September 14-16, 2009, Kansas City, MO
- Gray, J.R., Bernard, J.M., Stewart, D.W., McFaul, E.J., Laurent, K.W., Schwarz, G.E., Stinson, J.T, Jonas, M.R., Randle, T.J., and Webb, J.W. (2010). Development of a national, dynamic reservoir sedimentation database. Proc. 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, June 27–July 1, Las Vegas, Nevada, 12 p.
RELATED AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
- Proceedings, all 8 Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conferences:
- 100 Years of Sedimentation Study by the USGS
- Errors Associated with the Misuse of Bedload Data
- Posteruption Suspended Sediment Transport at Mt. St. Helens: Decadal Scale Relationships with Landscape Adjustments and River discharges
- Sediment Transport at Gaging Stations near Mt. St. Helens, Washington, 1980-90. Data Collection and Analysis
- Gray, J.R., Laronne, J.B., and Osterkamp, W.R., 2004, Coordination of International Bedload Research, in, Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Cheng Liu, ed.: Yichang, China, October 18-21, 2004, Vol. 4, Tsinghua University Press, pp. 2501-2506
- Hey, R.D., and Thorne, C.R., 1982, Accuracy of Surface Samples from Gravel Bed Material: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, V. 109, No. 6, pp. 842-851
- A Method of Sampling Coarse River-Bed Material: Transactions, American Geophysical Union, V. 35, No. 6, pp. 951-956
- Robbins, Norrie, 2000, Bacteria and Fluvial Sediment Reading List: Unpublished, October
- Grain Size Scales and Conversion Tables, from Folk, Petrology of Sedimentary Rocks
- Analyzing Pebble Count Data Collected by Size Classes, Wolman Pebble Count (Forest Service)
- A Pebble Count Procedure for Assessing Watershed Cumulative Effects, Zig-Zag Method (Forest Service)
- Major, J.J., O’Connor, J.E., Podolak, C.J., Keith, M.K., Spicer, K.R., Wallick, J.R., Bragg, H.M. Pittman, Smokey, Wilcock, P.R., Rhode, Abagail, and Grand, G.E., 2010, Evolving fluvial response of the Sandy River, Oregon, following removal of Marmot Dam: Proc. 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, June 27–July 1, Las Vegas, Nevada, 12 p.
- Sampling surface and subsurface particle-size distributions in wadable gravel-and cobble-bed streams for analyses in sediment transport, hydraulics, and streambed monitoring
SELECTED USGS TECHNICAL MEMORANDA RELATED OR RELEVANT TO FLUVIAL-SEDIMENT DATA
- QW 71.05 Presents the philosophy upon which the guidelines for sampling and analysis of water-quality constituents associated with suspended solids will be established.
- QW 71.09 Presents the guidelines for sampling and analysis of water-quality constituents associated with solids.
- QW 76.04 EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES: Bedload Samplers
- QW 76.17 Clarifies proper methods to be used for sampling mixtures of water and suspended sediment in streams.
- QW 77.03 Describes three DH sampler models that are acceptable for use within WRD for sampling under ice.
- QW 77.08 Announces the publication of "Relationship of sediment discharge to streamflow," detailing some of the best techniques available for estimating sediment discharge or yield.
- QW 78.03 Answers several questions about the operation of churn splitters.
- QW 80.03 Identifies one of the most common causes of malfunction of Point-Integrating Sediment Samplers P-61 and P-63.
- QW 80.06 All samplers should be fitted with color-coded nozzles to help identify which nozzle to use with a given sampler.
- QW 80.17 Describes a new sample splitter for water-quality samples. The cone splitter is described, as well as differences between the cone splitter and the churn splitter.
- QW 80.18 Problems with installation of plastic nozzles on samplers. Using pliers to tighten nozzles may cause plastic nozzles to bend.
- SW 89.10 Announces the availability of the report "Use of surface-geophysical methods to assess riverbed scour at bridge piers."
- SW 90.07 Transmits a report, "Twelve selected computer stream sedimentation models developed in the United States."
- SW 90.08 Establishes current policy and provide guidelines for the collection and publication of bedload data.
- SW 91.02 Announces the availability of a comprehensive list of reports related to sediment and geomorphology.
- SW 91.11 Announces certification training for sediment laboratory operations.
- SW 91.15 Presents guidelines for the analysis of sediment analyses procedures in computing sediment records.
- SW 92.05 Provides policy on suspended sediment filters. The asbestos mat shall not be used. The Whatman 934 AH shall be used instead.
- SW 92.06 Provides updated parameter codes for the collection and publication of bedload data.
- SW 92.08 Provides a compilation of all sediment memorandums issued by OSW, OWQ, and WRD since 1971. See update SW 94.04.
- SW 93.01 Summarizes documentation that describes instrumentation and field methods for collecting sediment data. See update SW93.04.
- SW 93.04 Discourages the use of an 1/8-inch nozzle with DH-81 and DH-77 sediment samplers because of its generally poor hydraulic performance and its tendency to clog (Corrects OSW 93.01).
- SW 93.08 Makes recommendations for use of retransformation methods in regression models used to estimate sediment loads ("The bias correction problem"). Corrections made in SW 93.13 are incorporated here.
- SW 93.11 Recommends the use of the Sedigraph as an alternative method of analysis for fall diameter.
- SW 93.21 Transmits the policy and techniques for converting sediment concentrations expressed in parts per million (ppm) to milligrams per liter (mg/L).
- SW 94.04 Summarizes documentation relevant to office procedures for sediment records computations, supplementing SW 92.08.
- SW 95.01 Provides information on the mission and services of the Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project (FISP).
- SW 95.06 Distribution of "Evaluation of pipet and x-ray procedures for determining particle-size distributions of sediment," Federal Interagency Project Report KK
- SW 96.07 Sediment Laboratory Procedures
- SW 96.10] Distribution of "Channel Scour at Bridges in the United States," by Mark N. Landers and David S. Mueller (Federal Highway Administration Publication FHWA RD 95 184), and of "Bridge-Scour Data Management System User's Manual," by mark N. Landers, David S. Mueller, and Gary R. Martin (U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-754)
- SW 96.11 Initiation of a Sediment Laboratory Quality Assurance Project
- SW 98.05] A National Quality Assurance Program for Sediment Laboratories Operated or Used by the Water Resources Division
- SW 99.01 Guidance for Collecting Discharge-Weighted Samples in Surface Water Using an Isokinetic Sampler
- SW 99.02 Sediment and Ancillary Data on the World Wide Web
- SW 99.04 Guidelines from the 1998 Sediment Laboratory Chiefs Workshop
- SW 01.03 Collection and Use of Total Suspended Solids Data
- QW 02.09 Water-Quality Field Methods phaseout of US D-77 and frame-type samplers
- SW 03.05 Office of Surface Water announces the availability of scripts website
- SW 03.06 Guidance for Bridge Scour Studies
- SW 04.01 Water Resources Discipline Policy on Storage and Publication of Fluvial-Sediment Data with Updated Method Codes
- SW 04.02 The Graphical Constituent Loading Analysis System (GCLAS) for computing discharges of suspended sediment and other water-quality constituents
- QW 04.03 Revision of NFM Chapter 6, Section 6.7 - Turbidity
- SW 06.03 Availability of New Instantaneous Data Archive for Unit-Value Discharge Data
- SW 09.06 Availability of RESSED, a REServoir SEDimentation Website and Database for the United States
- SW 10.01 Publication of Techniques and Methods Report Book 3, Chapter C4 “Guidelines and Procedures for Computing Time-Series Suspended-Sediment Concentrations and Loads from In-Stream Turbidity-Sensor and Streamflow Data,” by Patrick P. Rasmussen, John R. Gray, G. Douglas Glysson, and Andrew C. Ziegler
- SW 10.03 Policy for the mandatory storage of discrete sediment data and selected metadata in the National Water Information System, and availability of SedLOGIN software to assist in data entry
Water Resources Discipline Home Page
Office of Surface Water
Office of Water Quality
Office of Ground Water
Fluvial-Sediment Home Page
National Water Information System
Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project
- Quiz Key